The following is an extract from my eBook

Stop Anxiety Now

 Chapter 2
What Kind of Anxiety Disorders Exist?
Medical professionals who work in mental health, use the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Psychiatric
Disorders (DSM V),which provides diagnostic criteria for all mental illnesses. In particular, the most recent version has broken down the broad category of Anxiety Disorders into the following specific groups outlined below:
1 Anxiety Disorders
This includes, but is not limited to, Specific Phobia, Social Anxiety Disorder (Social Phobia), Panic Disorder, Agoraphobia, and Generalized Anxiety Disorder.
2 Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder is one disorder that fits into this category.
Trauma and Stressor-Related Disorders
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is in this category.
The key to take away though is no matter how you categorize them into their own little groups, they are all interconnected in the fact that anxiety is involved.
For the purposes of this eBook we will discuss the following specific disorders mentioned briefly above
Panic Disorder
Estimated to affect 3.5% of the population, panic disorder is characterized by recurrent panic attacks that come on unexpectedly and are unpredictable.
Panic attacks are accompanied by physical signs and symptoms such as increased heart rate, shortness of breath, dizziness, weakness, nausea, choking, chest pain, difficulty breathing, and sweating.  In addition, there is the feeling of losing control or dying.
You may think that you are having a heart attack, but an examination by a physician rules that, and any other physical conditions, out.
Eventually, this fear of having a panic attack may lead to social isolation in some people, or the inability to function out in public alone.  It is imperative you seek and find a qualified health care professional immediately in order to get the correct diagnosis and treatment. Delay will only make things worse for you and your loved ones.
Specific Phobias
People with specific phobias may be fearful of heights, elevators, flying, highway and motorway driving, spiders, snakes, cats, dogs, birds, the list goes on and on.
You realize that your fear is irrational, but you will do anything to avoid the situation, animal, or place.  Just thinking about it can provoke intense anxiety.
Social Phobia (Social Anxiety Disorder)
Estimated to affect approximately 15 million Americans, and a proportionally similar number in Europe, social phobia results in overwhelming fear and anxiety of being humiliated or embarrassed in front of others.
This can lead to self-imposed isolation, loneliness and a deep feeling of unhappiness.
This is an anxiety disorder where you avoid public places and situations as you fear being unable to escape them should you suffer a panic attack.  Examples include avoiding going to the mall or riding public transportation.  This can result in major isolation.  Not everyone with agoraphobia has actually had a previous panic attack. You may have had a mild palpitation or breathlessness and thought no more of it, then it seems suddenly from nowhere you are in a full-scale panic attack
5 Generalized Anxiety Disorder
When you worry about everyday concerns such as financial matters, your health, family, friends, your job, and more, you may be suffering from generalized anxiety disorder.  It involves excessive worry that is disproportionate to the situations, and there is little need to worry about them.
However, you may feel your reaction is perfectly normal and cannot see or understand that your reaction is abnormal.
This condition will get worse if it goes untreated for a long period of time. The longer you allow this to continue the more convinced you become that this is normal behaviour, making it extremely difficult for you to accept the fact that you need help now.
6 Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
There are two parts to the obsessive-compulsive disorder:
1 Obsessions
The first part is obsessions, which are thoughts and ideas that cause anxiety.  It is like having an anxiety-provoking thought that replays in your mind repeatedly. Lulling you into a false sense of what is normal behaviour.
What kinds of obsessions exist
There are several different kinds.  A few examples include worrying about germs, cleanliness, thoughts about self-harm or harming others, or obsessions related to numbers or neatness and perfectionism.
2 Compulsions
The second part of the obsessive-compulsive disorder is the compulsions.  Compulsions are repetitive behaviours that you perform or think in order to alleviate the discomfort caused by the obsessions.  Compulsions provide only temporary relief from the obsessions, it is like a multi-act play. The end of act one (obsessive) the curtain comes down for a brief period, to allow you to prepare for act two (compulsion), and repeat the performance over again
In all cases, the person with the obsessive- compulsive disorder does not want to have these thoughts and behaviours, but cannot control them.  As you can imagine, obsessions and compulsions can become very time consuming, and in this way, interfere with your daily life and the functioning of yourself and of those around you.
Here are three specific examples of how obsessive-compulsive disorders may interfere with and disrupt your life:
You may worry that you will burn the house down. Therefore, every day before you leave for work, you must check and recheck the stove to make sure that you have turned all the burners off.  You may have to check them up to sixty times before being able to leave.  This results in you being late for work and puts you at risk of losing your job.
You may be preoccupied with becoming contaminated with germs. Therefore, you spend hours scrubbing your hands until they bleed trying to get rid of the germs.
You may have a preoccupation with counting each sidewalk crack as you walk to the grocery store. If you mess up with the numbers, you have to restart your walk and you’re counting from the beginning.  Not only is this wasting your time but it also doubles the cost of your foot ware as you wear out your shoes faster than normal.
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
The symptoms of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, or PTSD for short, have been noted for years (definitely as early as World War I).  However, in recent years with veterans returning home from war, it has become all too common.  It should be noted though that PTSD does not only affect war veterans but can result in anyone who experiences a major stressor that is outside the realm of normal existence.  This includes police officers, emergency physicians, paramedics, EMT’s as well as everyday people and children.
In other words, PTSD emerges when you experience a major stress that threatens your life, the lives of those around you, your home or property.  This threat may or may not have resulted in death or sexual violation.  You have either been subject to the event, witnessed it, or been very close to the individual who was affected.
The stress related to dealing with a difficult boss cannot be classified as PTSD.  However, if you were witness to a shooting that occurred on the street, while you were waiting at your bus stop, could result in PTSD.
When you begin to replay the details of that event through your mind over and over, and re-experience the feelings of that event as though you are there, you may be experiencing PTSD.  The symptoms are also accompanied by impairments in social and occupational functioning.
There can also be a number of other symptoms including flashbacks, avoidance of people or places that may trigger reminders of the event, angry outbursts, sleep disturbances such as nightmares, decreased concentration, and an increased startle response rate. Children may also exhibit the distressing events through repetitive play.  The above Chapter is taken from my eBook:
Stop Anxiety Now.
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